Taxpayers were all looking for ways to save money on taxes. While paying taxes is a duty of every responsible citizen, you don’t necessarily need to pay as much as you are right now. One thing that should keep you motivated while preparing your tax return is the allowable tax deductions. If you know about the items that can qualify for a deduction, you can actually save money by avoiding overpayment of your taxes. What many of the tax payers fail to recognize is the tax laws are really setup with ways to help you.
The National Internal Revenue Code of 1997 details certain items that may be deducted from your taxes, including business or professional expenses and premium payments on health and hospitalization insurance. The goal of tax planning is to increase the amount of these legitimate expenses for a given taxable year, within the bounds allowed by law.
Tax planning is a great way to start for availing tax benefits and savings. If you are looking to maximize your savings, then you need to keep an account of your incomes and expenditures and prepare all your saving plans in advance. To plan your savings, a key factor that is crucial to your tax saving plan is the income earned per annum as well as the income tax laws governing the country.
On November 2010, 10th anniversary issue of Entrepreneur magazine, writers Lyre Pore – Villafaña and Iris Cecilia Gonzales shared 14 Ways to Cut Your Taxes. Ways that most tax planner commonly do to legally increase allowable tax deductions. And I’m also sharing it with you here. Please CONTINUE READING…
1. Book expenses that don’t have to be paid until the following year.
According to Tax lawyers Serafin Salvador Jr and Martin Mijares an enterprise on accrual basis may enter into contracts for various expenses such as gasoline, merchandise and security services, with its suppliers (or) contractors, so that it can already accrue an expense deductible in the current year although payments it to be made at a future period. This mean that you may deduct from your gross income for 2012 the purchase of goods and services you used this year, although, payment will not be made until 2013.
2. Accelerate tax deductions by reducing the depreciable life of building and other fixed assets.
According to Salvador and Mijares, the taxpayer is allowed to adopt a plan or method of apportionment of the cost of the fixed assets provided it is reasonable and has due regard to operating conditions during the taxable period.
3. Treat customs duties as an expense.
To increase the total deductible from the current year’s gross income, Salvador and Mijares suggested that instead of capitalizing custom duties and taxes paid on imported equipment, raw material, and other supplies, it’s better to consider treating these amounts as expenses in the period the duties and taxes are paid.
4. Treat interest paid for the purchase of fixed assets as outright expenses.
According to the tax code, a company my treat interest incurred on the purchase of property used in trade of business either as an expense or as capital expenditure. When an expense is capitalized, it forms part of the cost of the acquired property that will have to be taxable over several years. To lower the income of the current year, increase the amount of expenses by claiming the interest as an outright deductions from gross in the year the interest is paid or incurred.
5. To increase the amount of deductible losses, write off fixed assets that are no longer used.
There are instances when a company may be allowed to write off idle or obsolete assets that are not yet fully depreciated, and claim the amount as a deduction from gross income. Check with the Bureau of Internal Revenue or a tax planner to determine the requirements for writing off fixed assets.
6. Establish and contribute to a pension plan.
By establishing and maintaining a pension trust, the employer may actually be able to advance the deduction for retirement costs pertaining to employees who will be retiring in the future.
7. Carry over the net operating loss.
The tax code allows an enterprise to deduct from its gross income the net operating loss of the business over three years immediately following the year of such loss, provided that there hasn’t been a substantial change in the company’s ownership. For instance, if a company lost P1 million in 2011, it can claim this amount as a deduction in the years 2012, 2013, and 2014.
8. Choose the recipients of your charitable donations.
To receive a tax benefit when contributing to a particular cause, consider giving to organizations that are allowed by law to accept donations that can then be deducted from taxable income.
9. Consider legal structure of the business.
The organization of the business has a huge implication on taxes if the taxable income is P500,000 and below. At this level, an enterprise registered as a sole proprietorship will be slapped an income tax ranging from 5 to 30 percent. On the other hand, if it were set up as a corporation, it would have to pay a flat rate of 32 percent regardless of whether the taxable income is P100,000 of half a million.
10. Amortize pre-operating expenses.
Startup companies are allowed to amortize their pre-operating expenses over a period of five years. For example, if an entrepreneur spent P100,000 to set up his company in 2011, he can subtract P20,000 from his gross income in each of the five years from now until 2016.
11. Properly substantiate all deductions.
A major reason why taxpayers end up paying so much in taxes is poor substantiation for allowable deductions. For transportations and travel expenses, substantiate the claim for deductions with the documents containing information about the date of travel, its purpose, person who incurred the expenditure, places traveled, amount of expenses, and means of transportation used.
12. Withhold the necessary taxes.
Income payments such as salaries of employees, rental of office space, and payments to suppliers – are considered valid expenses only when withholding taxes have been properly deducted and remitted. An entrepreneur must be firm with supplier who request the taxes not be withheld from their collections. Companies that fail to withhold taxes from payments to suppliers will not only be required to pay the withholding tax themselves plus surcharge and interest; they will also be disallowed from claiming such payments to suppliers as deductions from their gross income.
13. Declare your input tax.
A businessman will enjoy a deduction if the declares the amount of merchandise he uses for his business. Let’s say the business is an office supply store. All you have to do is declared the total amount of VAT you paid when you purchased your supplies. This amount will be deducted from your own VAT.
14. Comply with all the requirements.
Aside from ensuring that proper withholding taxes have been collected and remitted, make sure that your company has complied with all other requisites for deductibility. When claiming deductions for bad debts, for example, be prepared to prove that the company has exerted all efforts to collect the debt. Be ready to support claims for bad debts with letters to the delinquent customers, reports from collection agencies, and ruling from the court.
You would want to retain as much of your hard-earned income, so you might as well take the time to know the factors that can give you more savings, such as certain deductions or expenses you have incurred throughout the year.
It will be a good practice if you keep good records and you understand what deductions to declare and save money during tax time.
The 14 tips mentioned above may not be the best ways to save money but certainly these are good ways to save money on taxes.
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